Many women experience some pain during their menstrual cycles. While some minor pain, such as slight cramping, is normal, serious and debilitating pain is not normal. As women, it is important to recognize what kind of period pain you are experiencing in order to get proper gynecological care when something feels off. Painful periods most likely can be remedied by talking with a women’s healthcare professional, such as the experts at Anthony C. Quartell, M.D. and Associates.
See Your Doctor if You Experience Painful Periods
Painful periods may be accompanied by any of the following:
Abnormally Heavy Bleeding
Do you bleed more than you feel is normal? It can be hard to determine if your bleeding is abnormally heavy, especially if your cycle has always been that way. If you are bleeding through your tampon, pad or menstrual cup hourly, then it is important you see a doctor. Also, if your period is lasting longer than 5-7 days, you should speak with your doctor. Heavy periods could be a sign of some other underlying problem. If you naturally have a heavier flow, your doctor can consult with you on some options for shortening it and bringing some relief to your monthly cycle.
Many women experience some form of cramping during their menstrual cycle. However, if your cycle is debilitating or crippling – that is not normal and not something you should have to live with. Many women believe extreme pain is a normal part of having a period, but that is not the case. Your gynecologist should listen to your concerns to determine if your extreme cramping is due to an underlying cause, or if there is any way to help solve the issue and make you more comfortable each month.
Women with painful periods might experience extreme fatigue before and during their flow. While some fatigue is normal, it is not normal to be unable to get out of bed or do your normal activities. You should absolutely speak with your doctor if you are experiencing this sort of extreme fatigue.
What a Painful Period May Mean:
Endometriosis is a common, often undiagnosed, gynecological condition. Endometriosis occurs when the endometrium, which lines the inside of the uterus, begins growing outside of the uterus. This lining may grow on ovaries, fallopian tubes, pelvic floor and even bowels. This causes extreme pain, especially during a woman’s menstrual cycle. There are surgeries and some medications that may help provide relief for women suffering with this condition, but there is no cure yet, other than removal of the uterus.
Adenomyosis is similar to endometriosis in that it occurs when the endometrium breaks outside of the uterus and into the muscle wall. Adenomyosis creates heavy bleeding, pain with intercourse and severe cramping. Certain medications can help to treat the heavy bleeding and pain, but adenomyosis can only be completely absolved with a hysterectomy.
3. Uterine Fibroids
Uterine fibroids are extremely common. Nearly three of every four women develops one in her lifetime – although only some will see symptoms. Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths on the uterus which tend to cause a woman pain during her childbearing years. Uterine fibroids cause prolonged bleeding and heavy cramping. While most will normally “pass” during a menstrual cycle, extreme cases require surgical removal of the fibroid or hormonal treatment.
4. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
This disease is the infection of the female reproductive organs, typically from a sexually transmitted infection (STI). When left untreated, pelvic inflammatory disease may cause scar tissue in the reproductive organs to appear. This will cause increased discomfort during a menstrual cycle, in addition to pain during sexual intercourse and while urinating. Pelvic inflammatory disease can easily be cured with antibiotics.
OBGYN in Livingston, New Jersey
If you are experiencing painful periods, contact Dr. Quartell today to determine the underlying cause of your pain. In addition to providing gynecological exams, Dr. Quartell offers a wide range of procedures to ensure his patients receive top care in New Jersey.