Ovarian Cyst Diagnosis in Livingston, NJ
The majority of women will have an ovarian cyst at least one time during their life, but fortunately never experience the unwanted symptoms like pain or general ovarian discomfort. Defined by a fluid-filled sac, this kind of cyst is located on a section of the female reproductive system – the ovaries – on the lower abdomen, surrounding either side of the uterus. If an ovarian cyst has the ability to grow, if not treated, it can lead to serious complications, such as an ovarian torsion or a ruptured cyst.
Ovarian Cyst Symptoms
Symptoms of ovarian cyst depend on which type of cyst you have. The most common type of cysts is a functional cyst, which can be categorized by a follicle cyst or corpus luteum cyst. Other types of ovarian cysts include dermoid cysts, cystadenomas and endometriomas. A woman may also develop polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), in which the ovaries contain a multiple number of small cysts.
While some women can go without feeling any signs or symptoms, those who do experience the indicators of an ovarian cyst may come to know the following warning signs:
- Bloating in the abdomen
- Pain while making bowel movements
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Pelvic pain
- Discomfort in the lower back and thighs
- Tender breasts
- Nausea, vomiting
As the cyst continues to grow, these symptoms can become even more apparent and painful, which is all the more reason to keep on top of this gynecological condition.
Best Diagnostic Practices for Ovarian Cysts
During your visit with Dr. Quartell, an ovarian cyst can be detected through a routine pelvic examination – this is detected by swelling on one of the ovaries. If he does think there could be an ovarian cyst, an ultrasound may also be administered. Ultrasounds assist in the revealing of exactly where the cyst is located, its size, shape and composition.
Other diagnostic tests that may be used to find out more about an ovarian cyst are CT scans and MRIs. In the event that there are no changes to your condition – or if the cyst has grown – Dr. Quartell might give an additional set of tests to figure out more specific causes. These might include pregnancy tests, a hormone level test or a CA-125 blood test, which screens from ovarian cancer.
Ovarian Cyst Treatment Options in NJ
Treatment plans will vary depending on factors like the type of ovarian cyst, how severe the symptoms are, and whether or not the cyst is growing. Typically, if the ovarian cyst has been monitored for an extended period of time and has not gone away naturally, Dr. Quartell may recommend treating it with birth control – the contraceptive pills stops ovulation, preventing the formation of new cysts completely.
A laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that can also be performed to remove ovarian cysts that are small in size and do not contain ovarian cancer. Additionally, large ovarian cysts are removed with a laparotomy, in which a large incision is made in your abdomen.
Contact Our Livingston, NJ OBGYN Office for a Check-Up
Receiving a diagnosis for an ovarian cyst doesn’t have to be intimidating – especially when you’re a patient of Anthony C. Quartell, M.D. & Associates. Whether you come in for an annual checkup or have been experiencing ongoing symptoms, our talented staff promises to treat your ovarian cyst with the best possible care and techniques that are available. New and old patients alike are encouraged to contact our Livingston, New Jersey office at 973-968-4611, or fill out a contact form online. We look forward to taking care of you!