Endometriosis - OBGYN Livingston, NJ
What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue similar to the tissue that lines your uterus grows outside your uterine cavity. Endometriosis usually involves the abdomen, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and pelvis. In some rare cases, the endometrial tissue may extend beyond the pelvic organs.
With this disorder, the tissue thickens, breaks down, and bleeds with every menstrual cycle. It then becomes trapped inside the body, causing risk factors such as internal bleeding and inflammation. Although most women do not experience any symptoms, endometriosis can cause extreme pain, infertility, and scar tissue formation, among other things.
Symptoms of Endometriosis
Fortunately, most women will not experience symptoms related to their endometriosis. However, some of the symptoms that women may experience while suffering from endometriosis include:
- Painful periods
- Pain with intercourse
- Pain with bowel movements or urination
- Excessive bleeding
What are the Causes of Endometriosis?
The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown at this time. However, there are some common explanations that may help us to understand the disease as best we can.
- Retrograde Menstruation: Occurs when a woman’s menstrual blood containing endometrial cells, flows back into the pelvic cavity rather than out of the body.
- Induction Theory: Theory that hormones or immune factors promote cells that line the inner side of your abdomen into endometrial cells.
- Immune System Disorder: If there is an issue with a woman’s immune system, her body may not be able to recognize endometrial tissue growing in the wrong place.
What are the Treatments for Endometriosis?
It is important to see your doctor as soon as you notice signs of endometriosis. Although endometriosis has no real cure, the symptoms can be managed. Treatment can help with any associated pain and possible infertility issues. This can range from a variety of medications to laparoscopy surgery. Conservative treatments are the preferred option. However, if symptoms persist, your gynecologist may recommend surgery.
Schedule an Appointment with Dr. Quartell in Livingston, New Jersey
Dealing with endometriosis is never an easy process. If you think you may be suffering from endometriosis, visit your health care provider as soon as possible. With 40 years in practice, Dr. Quartell can test to see if you have endometriosis and decide what the best course of action is for you. For more information or to schedule your appointment, please contact us at our Livingston, NJ office today.