Here’s Why Your Period Might Be So Painful
Painful periods are not uncommon. In fact, a high number of women report feeling some type of pain or discomfort at some point during their menstrual cycle. The body’s activity during a menstrual cycle should, in no way, induce pain. However, there are certain complications and conditions that can arise in some women, which bring about pain throughout their period.
1. Stress and Anxiety
A body’s automatic, physical response to stress and anxiety is usually never positive. Both factors can cause serious health issues in women especially, like low energy, headaches and stomach issues. A woman’s menstrual cycle is most definitely affected when a female is stressed or anxious. Experiencing severe stress during a period can make the menstrual cycle shorter, or prolong it from arriving at all during certain months. This is usually associated with the fact that some women eat very little while they are anxious, which interferes with the uterus’ ability to shred during a menstrual cycle.
2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Defined by an infection of the reproductive organs, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can be a big culprit of pain during a woman’s period. Pelvic inflammatory disease directly affects, and brings pain to, the lower abdomen—including the fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix and uterus. The common condition can bring about pain for women while they have intercourse and urinate, and can also bring about painful periods and irregular bleeding between menstrual cycles.
Endometriosis is an unfortunate disorder, causing the tissue that forms the lining of a woman’s uterus to grow outside of her uterine cavity. Endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus, can grow on ovaries, bowel and tissue lining the pelvis—it can even spread beyond the pelvic region. During a woman’s period, her hormones change and vary. This hormonal shift can affect the misplaced endometrial tissue, which then causes severe pain and inflammation. When a woman has endometriosis, she will almost always experience a lot of pain throughout her menstrual cycle.
4. A Heavy, Long Period Flow
While the duration of every woman’s period is different, there are specific instances that bring about period pain during her time of the month. When a woman’s menstrual cycle is extremely heavy, irregular or lasts longer than it should—especially if it’s longer than seven days total—it’s known as menorrhagia. Women who have menorrhagia oftentimes experience severe pain during their prolonged period. To make matters worse, women who have other conditions that already bring about period pain, like pelvic inflammatory disease or a cancerous growth, can cause menorrhagia to occur.
5. Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Usually occurring just before a woman begins her menstrual cycle, premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can arise and bring about a variety of negative factors for women during their period, affecting her emotions, behavior and physical health. As far as the physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome goes, women can experience high amounts of pain in their lower abdomen during PMS. They may also have bad cramping, which brings about pain and discomfort during a woman’s menstrual cycle as well.
Schedule an Appointment for Period Pain at Dr. Quartell’s Office
Painful periods might be common, but they don’t have to be every woman’s reality. For those women who reside in or near Livingston, New Jersey, Anthony C. Quartell & Associates are available for help, assistance and medical guidance. Women who are experiencing pain during their periods should contact Dr. Quartell’s office by calling 973-716-9600. In addition to treating painful periods, Dr. Quartell and his staff can also tend to a wide variety of other conditions as well.
Whenever a doctor mentions “surgery,” it’s a completely natural reaction for patients to feel a little intimidated or even scared. The thought of surgery can be a daunting one, but many surgical procedures are extremely routine and common. Highly qualified surgeons will be able to perform the procedure with little to no difficulty and ensure that the patient’s health and comfort is the primary concern. To alleviate any concerns you may have about gynecological surgery, here is a list and brief overview of what to expect of the most common surgical procedures your gynecologist may perform.
Gynecologic Laparoscopic Surgery
Gynecologic laparoscopic surgery is any minimally invasive procedure in which a laparoscope is used to see inside of the patient. This eliminates the need for a large incision that traditional surgery methods would involve. This procedure is used for both diagnosis and treatment, and may be recommended if you’re experiencing pelvic pain, infertility, or have pre existing pelvic infections. It can diagnose such conditions as pelvic adhesion, certain cancers, infertility, and many more. It’s the best option for those who do not want to be forced to rest for a recovery period, however you will not be able to drive home as you will be put under anesthesia.
A laparoscopic hysterectomy is an extremely common procedure in which a laparoscope is used to remove the uterus or womb, and possibly the fallopian tubes or ovaries. If the fallopian tubes or ovaries are removed as well, it is considered a total hysterectomy. The procedure itself entails two to three hours under anesthesia during which the doctor will make two to three small incisions from which the uterus or womb will be removed. This method involves less blood loss, less chance of infection, and is considered safer than traditional surgery. The recovery time for this procedure is roughly one to two weeks and should be considered the last resort of treatment options for the female reproductive system. It’s effective in treating conditions such as uterine prolapse, persistent pain or bleeding, certain cancers, and more.
Laparoscopic Total Hysterectomy
A laparoscopic total hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which the entire uterus and cervix are removed, and often times the fallopian tubes and ovaries as well. It is minimally invasive when compared to traditional surgery, but it is a permanent procedure and completely halts the menstrual cycle and a woman’s ability to become pregnant. There are much smaller incisions made to insert the laparoscope and remove the uterus, which creates a quicker recovery time and less chance of infection. This procedure, while a last resort, can save lives. It can treat several types of cancers, extreme pain, and other potentially life-threatening conditions.
A myomectomy is used in the case where the doctor must surgically remove uterine fibroids, which are benign growths that can be found in the uterus during a woman’s peak child conceiving years. Women who plan on having children may undergo this procedure to ensure optimal uterine health and fertility. An instrument called a resectoscope will be used to enter through the vagina into the uterus to shave away the fibroids with a combination of saline solution and laser surgery. Alternatively, the doctor may perform the procedure laparoscopically instead. In cases where the fibroids are larger, which is rare, they will be removed through the abdomen. This entails a 48 hour hospital stay with a four to six week recovery period, which is crucial to ensure optimal uterine functionality.
An oophorectomy is a procedure in which one or both of the ovaries are removed as treatment or a preventative measure. It’s often performed with a hysterectomy or salpingectomy, which is the removal of the fallopian tubes. It can be used to treat ovarian cancer, cysts, ovarian torsion, and more. The procedure is typically done with traditional surgical methods, but can also be performed with a laparoscope, depending on the patient’s circumstances. It typically takes up to six weeks to make a full recovery, but that can be less if it is performed laparoscopically. Dr. Quartell can consult with you and determine the best course of action for your oophorectomy.
Ovarian Cystectomy in New Jersey
An ovarian cystectomy is an extremely common surgical procedure performed by gynecologists. Essentially, it is a procedure to remove a cyst or cysts from one or both ovaries. A cyst, which is a fluid-filled sac that can grow in or on the ovary, can cause problems or even be cancerous. Cysts must be removed if they become painful, start affecting the menstrual cycle, or grow larger than three inches. They can be removed via laparoscopic procedure, which will decrease recovery time significantly when compared to a traditional method.
Gynecological Surgery in Livingston, NJ
Dr. Anthony Quartell and Associates are among the top ranked and most respected gynecologists for surgical procedures in the state of New Jersey. With a convenient location in Livingston, Dr. Quartell is well versed in all of the procedures listed above, and especially gifted at laparoscopic procedures. If you have any discomfort, pain, or any questions, contact our office today to set up an appointment. Don’t settle for subpar surgery, come visit Dr. Quartell and Associates.